Learn About the Different Types of Counseling

Counselors and therapists help their clients in many different ways, and there are lots of distinct types of counselors depending on their specialty.

Read on to find out about different kinds of counseling careers and specialties you can research and practice: family and marriage therapy, career counseling, mental health counseling, substance abuse counseling, and much more.

Counseling Specialties

“Counseling” is a very broad category that encompasses lots of opportunities in almost any range of counseling subfields.

Counselors perform in colleges, hospitals, rehab centers, among other locations, or else they could maintain a private clinic, also there are many ways that to specialize during your counseling career.

Common Types of Counselors

Here are a few of the most Frequent Kinds of counselors:

  • Marriage and family counseling
  • Guidance and career counseling
  • Rehabilitation counseling
  • Mental health counseling
  • Substance abuse counseling
  • Educational Counseling

It’s not required to select a specialty before starting your master’s program in counseling, although many students go into their counseling programs with you in your mind.

Do not be surprised if, throughout your 2-year degree and year of work, you wind up in a place you had not considered before grad school. Maintain an open mind, and unless you truly know what kind of counseling you would like to pursue, then choose a counseling degree in a conventional setting or a counseling degree online, which offers a variety of alternatives.

Along with the Key specialties listed previously, advisers can also help their customers using methods in areas like these:

  • Debt counseling
  • Child growth counseling
  • Eating disorder therapy
  • Grief counseling
  • Art therapy
  • Musical therapy

Kinds of Mental Illnesses

In accordance with the National Institute for Mental Illness, roughly 26.2 percent of adult Americans (over one in four) are impacted by some type of mental illness each year. Here are a few of the common mental illnesses that counselors work with:

  • Anxiety disorder
  • Attention deficit disorder
  • Bipolarity
  • Borderline personality
  • Depression
  • Eating disorder
  • Generalized anxiety
  • Obsessive-compulsive disease
  • Panic disease
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Schizophrenia
  • Social phobia


Psychiatrists are medical doctors who specialize in diagnosing and treating mental disorders.

They tend to take care of complex and serious mental illness, and have a profound understanding of bodily and psychological wellness, and how they influence each other.

Psychiatrists are the only mental health practitioners able to prescribe drugs, which they commonly do (if acceptable) together with their use of psychological treatment (also called psychotherapy), and mind stimulation therapies.

“If someone walks in using a biological issue — they’ve got schizophrenia or bipolar illness — even a broad-based psychiatrist is likely to prioritize medicine as part of their therapy. Visit Dalton Associates here

“But if someone walked in with an existential midlife crisis, a psychologist would not prescribe medication, but would advise, and provide citizenship guidance,” Professor Parker says.

Psychiatrists function in public and private hospitals, community mental health services, and personal consulting rooms. You’re going to need a referral from a different physician or the GP to find a psychologist.


Psychologists are experts in individual behavior. They use scientific techniques to study the aspects that influence the way we think, feel, understand, and act.

Psychologists work in various settings with a wide range of people: they cope with everything from depression, stress, and eating disorders to relationship problems and personal growth.

That is because psychologists do not just offer counseling and treatment to people with diagnosed psychological disorders; they also use mentally healthy individuals to help them work better.

They could provide advice and support, provide a view, and teach coping approaches to individuals experiencing issues like a significant change, stress, sickness, grief, learning problems and behavioral problems, substance abuse, relationship issues, etc.

Psychologists utilize different kinds of psychological therapy (or talking treatments) to help people explore and challenge their behavior and thought processes.

“Cognitive-behavioral therapy is central to that, since, within the previous two decades or so, it’s been the most evidenced-based treatment for a vast assortment of mental health issues,” says Alice Shires, manager of the Psychology Clinic at the University of Technology Sydney.

Once it comes to dealing with more acute mental health issues, clinical psychologists (and other specialized psychologists) are best placed to assist: they have additional training in assessing and treating severe mental illness.


Counselors use talk-based therapy to assist people to come up with self-understanding and make adjustments in their own lives. Get more information here about counselors.

A counselor will let you speak through your individual worries, gain perspective and develop coping strategies, and boost self-awareness.

Counselors may also take on a case management function.

“This means that they consider an entire support plan — such as speaking to other services, making referrals for assistance around home or support around something else,” Jayne Ferguson, counselor and senior clinician in Relationships Australia Victoria stated.

Unlike psychiatry and psychology, counseling as a profession isn’t formally regulated. This means anyone can call themselves a counsel — whether they have completed a brief online course which teaches the fundamentals, or even six years of college instruction.

“Even though a high proportion of advisers would have some rigorous instruction and training in counseling, a significant percentage do not,” Professor Parker states.

But counselors can play an extremely important and very valuable role — particularly people who have many years of experience in talk therapy. Learn more: Accessible Psychology Services and Psychologists in Ontario | Dalton Associates